By Stephen Colvin
A short background of old Greek accessibly depicts the social historical past of this historic language from its Indo-European roots to the current day.
•Explains key relationships among the language and literature of the Classical interval (500 - three hundred BC)
•Provides a social background of the language which transliterates and interprets all Greek as acceptable, and is accordingly available to readers who recognize very little Greek
•Written within the framework of contemporary sociolinguistic conception, pertaining to the improvement of old Greek to its social and political context
•Reflects the most recent considering on topics akin to Koiné Greek and the connection among literary and vernacular Greek
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Extra info for A Brief History of Ancient Greek
The RM constraint does not stipulate the position of the intensive mora, but other considerations determine that a post-vocalic position (a coda) in the first syllable produces the most harmonic output. , [katab] > *[µ[k]katab], thereby violating the prohibition on initial geminates. Having discussed the prosodic properties of hypocoristics summarized in bimoraicity, disyllabicity, iambicity, and medial gemination, and their corresponding OT constraints, SYLL-BIN, DISYLL, IAMB, and RM, we now turn to the final property of hypocoristics, namely, the invariable vowel melody of short [a] and long [uu].
38 SAMIRA FARWANEH Many Arabic dialects have developed a new verbal category of intensive forms, featuring medial gemination. These intensive verbs are morphologically parallel to, but syntactically different from, causative verbs. Verbs whose semantic features involve intensity or frequency assume the shape of the second measure, or wazn faµµal, similar to causative verbs. Examples of intensive verbs in dialectal Arabic are in (16). (16) Intensive verbs Basic Intensive kanas kannas xalat xallat fataħ fattaħ Gloss “sweep” “mix” “open” Morphologically, causatives and intensives are identical; syntactically, they are distinct.
If a geminated causative verb form exists, the intensive form satisfies the RM constraint via internal reduplication, thus producing causative/intensive pairs such as farraħ ‘make happy’ and farfaħ ‘rejoice’, and barrad ‘make cold’ and barbad ‘be cold’. , kassar ‘smash-Int’ but not *kaskar. Thus, the phonological manifestation exponent of a morpheme must be unique. Since the optimal farraħ ‘make happy’ is marked as causative, the intensive form takes on the next best alternative, namely, the partially-reduplicated output.
A Brief History of Ancient Greek by Stephen Colvin