By by Susan Smythe Kung.
This dissertation is a complete description of the grammar of Huehuetla Tepehua (HT), that's a member of the Totonacan language kin. HT is spoken through fewer than 1500 humans in and round the city of Huehuetla, Hidalgo, within the japanese Sierra Madre mountains of the significant Gulf Coast area of Mexico. This grammar starts with an advent to the language, its language kin, and its environment, in addition to a short historical past of my touch with the language. The grammar keeps with an outline of the phonology of HT, by means of morphosyntactic and syntactic description of all the significant elements of speech, together with verbs, nouns, adjectives, adverbs, and numbers; the grammar concludes with an outline of the sentence-level syntax. A compilation of interlinearized texts seems within the appendix. HT is a polysynthetic, head-marking language with complicated verbal morphology. Inflectional affixes contain either prefixes and suffixes for which a templatic development is tough to version. as well as inflectional and derivational morphology, HT verbs also are host to loads of aspectual derivational morphemes, each one of which alters the which means of the verb in a truly particular manner. Plural marking on either nouns and verbs for any 3rd individual argument is not obligatory and made up our minds by means of an animacy hierarchy, that is extensively utilized to figure out verbal argument marking in quite a few morphosyntactic structures. HT nouns are thoroughly unmarked for case, and likely nouns, together with kinship phrases and elements of an entire, are obligatorily possessed. The order of the most important ingredients is pragmatically made up our minds, with a bent in the direction of VSO order within the absence of pragmatic or contextual clues and SVO order in context-rich textual examples. HT is an under-documented moribund language that's at coming near near possibility of extinction in the subsequent two-to-three generations. hence, this dissertation is a big contribution not just to the sphere of linguistics, but in addition to the Tepehua those that may in the future have an interest within the language in their grandparents. Read more...
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Extra resources for A descriptive grammar of Huehuetla Tepehua
Aq] ‘kite’ ‘squash’ ‘cap’, ‘stopper’ ‘spoon’ In word final position, the stops are optionally unreleased (2). siik] [taq] ~ [taq] 37 ‘palm’ ‘saliva’ ‘vein’, ‘vine’ ‘thrush’ In connected speech, when /p/, /t/, or /k/ occurs between two voiced sounds, such as a nasal and a vowel or a vowel and a vowel, it is optionally voiced (3). I do not have any examples in which /q/ is voiced in this environment. li] ‘my father’ ‘where’ ‘VOC compadre’ The stop /q/ may also occur as the first member of a two-consonant syllable-final cluster in which the other member is an affricate, /tz, ch/.
It was only after working with don Antonio that I fully appreciated what a dedicated linguistic consultant don Nicolás was. Don Antonio was 76 years old that summer. He tired easily, and he was somewhat hard of hearing, both of which made him lose patience easily with the repetitious rootdictionary task that Dr. Kaufman had assigned to us. Don Antonio was missing 12 most of his front teeth, which made him difficult for me to understand, and he spoke an antiquated, agrarian Spanish that I was not familiar with.
However, the most obvious omission from this grammar is an analysis of HT discourse. Because of time constraints, I have chosen not to include a chapter dedicated to discourse. However, if one reads the other chapters closely, s/he will find bits of information about the discourse dispersed throughout the grammar. 2) in the phonemic inventory of Huehuetla Tepehua. 3—to write HT. In subsequent chapters, I use only the practical orthography. 1 Consonants There are twenty-one native HT consonant phonemes.
A descriptive grammar of Huehuetla Tepehua by by Susan Smythe Kung.