By Harry A. Hoffner
Hoffner and Melchert's long-awaited paintings is certain to develop into either the normal reference grammar and the most educating device for the Hittite language. the 1st quantity contains a thorough description of Hittite grammar, grounded in an abundance of textual examples. furthermore, the authors keep in mind an enormous array of reports on all features of the Hittite language. within the 5 a long time because the book of the second one version of Johannes Friedrich's Hethitisches Elementarbuch (1960), our wisdom of Hittite grammar has turn into extra specified and nuanced, specially as a result of the variety of new texts on hand and the becoming physique of secondary literature. this primary quantity within the LANE sequence fills a major hole and gives a accomplished reference for many years to come back.
the second one quantity, to be had here, is an academic that contains a chain of graded classes with illustrative sentences for the scholar to translate. the academic is keyed to the reference grammar and offers broad notes.
the broadcast grammar quantity is followed by way of a CD-ROM that comprises the total textual content of the grammar and instructional in searchable, cross-referenced, and hyperlinked shape.
Errata: Minor corrections, which were included into the second one printings of either the Grammar and the academic (December, 2008 â€" January, 2009), can be found here for download.
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Additional info for A Grammar of the Hittite Language
Where there is doubt about the vocalic identity of a given ambiguous sign, the scribes often added clues. pé or pí followed immediately by -e is almost always to be interpreted as pé-e, only rarely as pí-e. /karpye:tsi/ could be spelled kar-pí-ez-zi but usually as kar-pí-e-ez-zi (with an extra e) to disambiguate the writing of the following iz/ez sign. ’ Even šieššar ‘beer’, which uses the unambiguous sign, is often further disambiguated by the writing ši-i-e-eš-šar, to prevent a mistaken reading *šeššar.
GIŠ = Akkadian ḫaṭṭu ‘staﬀ, stick’. - = Akkadian ili ‘of a god’. Ḫattu + ši + ili = the royal name Ḫattušili ! A parade example of a rebus writing (see HE §8c “spielerische Schreibungen”). 50, p. 100). Such hybrid writings are few in number, even if those few words occur frequently. 39. Some Sumerograms preﬁxed (much less commonly suﬃxed) to nouns are determinatives. 51 (p. 40. , URUNerik ‘the city Nerik’, ḫaraš MUŠEN ‘eagle’). , ‘man of the spear’) (not LÚ ‘spear belonging to the male class’).
Word-ﬁnal: The sg. -l. ending on nouns in OH is always -i rather than -e. In MH and NH, this is also almost always the case. 61. 56. ’, as well as in clitic -še ‘to him/her/it (dative)’ and the dative-locative of the clitic possessive -ši ‘in his/her/its . ’ (Otten and Souček 1969: 56). The last example is only found in OH; see the next section. 57. Certain words changed e to i, or vice versa, within the attested history of Hittite: (i-)iš-ša-i > e-eš-ša-i ‘(s)he performs’, i-ku-na- > e-ku-na- ‘cold, cool’, i-ni > e-ni ‘that (one)’,42 i-ni-iš-ša-an > e-ni-iš-ša-an ‘thus’, 43 ke-e > ki-i ‘these’ (pl.
A Grammar of the Hittite Language by Harry A. Hoffner