By Daniel Sivan
Ugaritic, came upon in 1929, is a North-West Semitic language, documented on clay pills (about 1250 texts) and dated from the interval among the 14th and the twelfth centuries B.C.E. The files are of varied kinds: literary, administrative, lexicological. a variety of Ugaritic drugs include parts of a poetic cycle referring to the Ugaritic pantheon. one other half, the executive records make clear the association of Ugarit, hence contributing vastly to our knowing of the background and tradition of the biblical and North-West Semitic international. this significant reference paintings, a revised and translated variation of the author's Hebrew e-book (Beer Sheva, 1993), offers with the phonology, morphology and syntax of Ugaritic. The ebook comprises additionally an appendix with textual content decisions.
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Extra info for A Grammar of the Ugaritic Language (Handbook of Oriental Studies Handbuch der Orientalistik)
Ginsberg 1946:34; less probable is the idea that Sly! is a Shaphel formation from the root L w / L v , cf. Ug 7, p. 93 n. 73; Dietrich and Loretz 1980b:406; Margalit 1980:90; also less probable to view these forms as in qabal pattern as suggested by van Selms [1967:289-2951). 119,25; cf. Ug 7, p. 35 n. 8 and T O 11, p. 209 and n. 176,6; cf. Bordreuil and Caquot 1980:351; for the possibility that this form is 3nd feminine singular see inja, p. 162). The aleph-Signs It is not known why the scribes at Ugarit chose to express vowels with the aleph.
108,s; from the root DMR) is strange, since in Arabic and in Aramaic the root is ZMR. It may be conjectured that the original root was DMR. In Biblical Hebrew and Phoenician it shifted to ZMR and afterwards 22 CHAFTER TWO it was borrowed from them to Aramaic and Arabic (cf. Loewenstamm 1980:334-336). O n the other hand, the root ZMR might have been the original, while the Ugaritic ydmr might be a combination of the root DMR "strength" with ZMR "to sing" (cf. Blau and Greenfield 1970:12; Blau 1977b:82-83).
52). Nevertheless, there are instances when the yod is written (it holds true in the Arnarna letters too; cf. Rainey 1996 I:71-71). 16,6 (the expected spelling would have been *'urn). 100,9) where one would expect *mnt (cf. 145,7,46; cf. 33,19; cf. Pardee 1984:219 and 228 n. 16,4-5) is the subject of its clause so the yod is not expected. The yod is a vowel marker indicating probably a mistake in case ending (cf. inza, p. 84). It is also possible that by the time that this letter was written, it might reflect that the breakdown in the case system had already started.
A Grammar of the Ugaritic Language (Handbook of Oriental Studies Handbuch der Orientalistik) by Daniel Sivan